Cipactli (Classical Nahuatl: Cipactli) "Crocodile" or "Caiman", was the first day of the Aztec divinatory count of 13 X 20 days (the tonalpohualli), and Cipactonal.
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Note that while logograms are transcribed using upper-case letters, phonetic signs are transcribed with lower-case letters. Often names found in Aztec manuscripts and monuments included a good amount of phonetic glyphs. Sometimes the phonetic glyphs serve to complement logograms, in that they spell out one or more syllables of the logogram. Sometimes the glyphs spell out whole syllables without the presence of logograms. And somewhat more rarely, the entire name is written out fully phonetically. One might find that from the previous examples the Aztec writing system is complicated and not straightforward to modern eyes.
Glyphs can be polyvalent, functioning as both logograms and phonetic signs, and are not always read in a linear fashion but could jump from one end to another. However, Aztecs and their neighbors produced countless numbers of manuscripts with subject matters as diverse as time-keeping, astrology, mythology, genealogy, and history. While these manuscripts were highly pictorial, intimate knowledge of the underlying language, Nahuatl, was absolutely essential to fully interpret the glyphs. In this regard, the Aztec glyphs truly constituted an active and productive writing system.
Prehispanic Calendars. Images from Codex Mendoza. Quick Facts. The buttocks, tzin-tli , is used in this case as its root form tzin happens to be homophonous with the diminutive suffix -tzin which roughly means "little". The suffix -co "place of" is omitted. Oztoticpac is composed of root osto-tl "cave" and suffixes -icpa "above" and -c "place of" , and means "Place Above the Cave".
The glyph for cave OSTO is the head of a reptilian earth monster, as Mesoamericans viewed caves as living beings. And in order to write the suffix -icpa , the sign IKPA icpa-tl , "yarn" is used for its phonetic value. Also, its position on top of the cave reinforces the concept of "above". Cuauhnahuac means "Place Near the Trees" and consists of cuauh-tli means "trees" and endings -nahua "near to" and -c.
The logogram KWAW in the form of a stylized tree-branch tree represents the root cuah. To represent -nahua , Aztec scribes used the sign group NAWA containing a mouth and a speech scroll to represent the verb nahua "to speak clearly" whose noun form is "Nahuatl", the name of the language of the Aztecs. In the present day this city is known as Cuernavaca, a form resulting from the Spanish mishearing Cuauhnahuac and transforming into a word with Spanish meaning. Calixtlahuaca is composed of the words cal-li "house" and ixtlahuaca "plain".
The glyph KAL in the form of a house transparently represents the root cal. What is interesting is that the lower element, the brown rectangle with vertical notches, would be read as the logogram MIL mil-li , "sown field", as in Xochimilco above except for the two round objects inside which are in fact eyes. The root for "eye" in Nahuatl is ix , which means that the eyes serves as a kind of phonetic complement or indicator to tell the reader that the brown rectangle glyph is the lgoogram IXTLAWAKA instead.
Mapachtepec is composed of the Nahuatl roots mapach-tli "raccoon" and tepe-tl "hill" plus the ending -c "place" , which together means "Place of Raccoon Hill". Instead of drawing a raccoon, the root mapach is written fully phonetically by a combination of the phonetic glyph ma and the logogram PACH "moss" used as a rebus.
Xocoyoltepec means "Place of Wood Sorrel Hill", from xocoyol-li "wood sorrel" , tepe-tl and ending -c. The foot under the plant is the phonetic glyph xo , functioning as a phonetic complement to make it clear that the plant depicted is indeed the wood sorrel. Amacoztitlan , from ama-tl "paper" , cos-tli "yellow" , and -tlan "place" , meaning "Place of Yellow Papers". Cos-tli "yellow" is expressed as the yellow coloring of the AMA logogram. The ending -tlan is phonetically depicted by the glyph tla. Tozoztontli is the third month of twenty days in the Aztec solar calendar.
It means "Little Vigil" and is a derivation of the verb tosoa "to hold vigil". However, the root is in fact toso , which is why the word is represented by a bird phonetic glyph to pierced by a spine phonetic so. Piaztlan means "Place of Acocote", composed of the root piaz-tli "acocote", a long dried gourd used to extract maguey nectar , and ending -tlan.
The root piaz is almost fully spelled out completely using the phonetic glyphs pi and a. The ending -tlan is omitted in this case.
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Cihuatlan simply means "Place of Woman". The head of the woman functions as the logogram SIWA cihua-tl , "woman". The two black vertical stripes is the phonetic sign wa and serves as phonetic complement to show that the female head should be read as cihua rather than the similar-looking female logogram NAN "mother". The ending -tlan is once again omitted. Item location:. Redmond, Washington, United States. Ships to:. This amount is subject to change until you make payment.
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Visit my eBay store. Search Store. Store Categories. Store home. The Cayman gold - To the Aztecs the passage of the skies was of great importance. The Cycles of the year determined planting and harvesting times for crops, and accuracy in planting could mean feast or famine. Over a thousand years ago they developed an extremely accurate calendar, so precise, it was not surpassed in accuracy until the 18th century. Since the movements of the sun, moon and stars effected the seasons, the Aztecs surmised that they must also influence human affairs.
They developed an astrological system based on their gods and the forces of nature which predicted the personality traits of those born on any given day in the year. The cycles of the seasons come from the Cayman. These are people who are both physically and morally strong, but very difficult to please! The House is generous and welcoming.
This sign likes other people, and seeks to find balance with its soul mate. House signs are rarely on their own, and find their place among family and in a routine. This sign's planet is Saturn and its divinity is Tepeyolohti. In Aztec culture, this animal represents vivacity rather than laziness. It handles any situation and is incredibly resistant! People of this sign are very prudent when confronting an obstacle. Snake signs are spontaneous, and often act without reason. Their reactions can often be surprising.
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In the story of humanity, the snake symbolises reconciliation between Heaven and Earth. This sign also represents laziness! Death is word given to man; language, law, ethics. People of this sign are often introverts, who are not able to free themselves from the gaze of others.
Life with a House sign will make a Death sign happy, and bring them self-confidence. It is also synonymous with shyness, tenacity, and being a dreamer. People of this sign are also highly sociable. The Rabbit enjoys life's pleasures. Delicate and timid, this sign hates conflict.
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People of this sign make for pleasant company, always smiling and hard-working. They are also prone to anguish and like to have control over their lives. In Aztec Astrology, it is also a symbol of worry, anguish and instability. Water signs are incredibly sensitive people, whose planet is Mars and divinity Xiuhtecuhtli.
People of this sign are generous and ready to do anything to help and feel useful! They are really brave and highly intuitive, but also very shy. Their planet is Mars and divinity Mictlantecuhtli. People of this sign are modest, charming, and able to adapt to any situation. According to Aztec tradition, the Monkey gave man fire out of love and compassion. This sign's planet is Mars and its divinity Xochipilli. It is one of the most mysterious signs in Aztec Astrology. Sometimes it represents good news, and other times it represents trials that must be overcome.
It is a sign of sensitivity and resistance. This sign is a symbol of paradise on Earth, since it is in Atlantic surroundings that traditional reeds grow! The reed symbolises gaiety, optimism and life's most simple pleasures. This sign's planet is Jupiter and its divinities are Tezcatlipoca and Itzlacoliuhqui.